The cause in over 90% of hair loss cases is defined as hair loss at the front, top and/or the crown/vertex of the scalp – known as the non-permanent area. The back and sides of the scalp, where hair usually grows for life, is known as the ‘permanent’ area.

Male pattern hair loss is brought on by the presence of hormone receptors in the hair roots in the non-permanent area – no such receptors exist in the so-called permanent area. These receptors are stimulated by the male hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and, when this happens, the hair loss process is triggered. The number and location of these susceptible hairs is determined by inherited genetics from one or both parents.

Hair is lost because of a change in the lifecycle of the hair root caused by DHT. In simple terms, this cycle consists of a growing phase and a resting phase. Before hair loss sets in, the growing phase lasts up to seven years and the resting phase lasts three to four months. Genetic hair loss is a result of the life cycle phases going into reverse i.e. the growing phase becomes shorter and shorter and the resting phase longer. Eventually, the hair grows very little or not at all.

Types of Male Pattern Baldness

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Type 1 hairloss


An Adolescent or Juvenile Hairline that is not actually losing hair. This hairline generally rests just above the upper forehead.
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Type 2 hairloss


Indicates a progression to the adult or mature hairline that sits a finger's breadth (1.5cm) above the upper forehead crease, with some temporal recession
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Type 3 hairloss


The earliest stage of male hair loss that warrants investigating. It is characterised by a deepening temporal recession
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Type 3 vertex hair loss

TYPE 3 Vertex

Type 3 vertex represents early hair loss at the crown (vertex) instead of or an addition to the temples.
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Type 4.2 hairloss

TYPE 4.2

Is characterised by further frontal hair loss and enlargement of the crown (vertex) but there is still a solid band of hair across the top (Mid-scalp) separating front and the vertex.
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Type 5 hairloss


Is where the bald areas in the front and the crown continue to enlarge and the bridge of hair separating the two areas beings to break down.
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Type 6 hairloss


Occurs when the connecting bridge of hair disappears, leaving a single large bald area on the front and on top of scalp. The hair on the sides of the scalp remains relatively high.
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Type 7 hairloss


Is characterised by extensive hair loss with only a wreath of hair remaining at the back and on the sides of the scalp- the permanent area.

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